Perturbation-based balance training

Summary

Many people, like older adults and individuals with stroke, are increased risk for falls. Physical exercise can prevent falls in older adults, but no exercise program has effectively reduced fall risk among individuals with stroke. In order to keep from falling down, individuals must often perform rapid and sophisticated reactions. This work explores novel training techniques in order to retrain these rapid reactions. This work will provide essential information about the possibility of training rapid balance reactions within several populations, including those with stroke. We anticipate that this training has the potential to not only prevent falls, but to also improve safe independent mobility and engagement in daily activities.


Funding

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, Grant-in-Aid (2018-2021)

Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Collaborative Innovation Grant (2018-2020)

Ministry of Research and Innovation, Early Researcher Award (2015-2020)

Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Open Operating Grant (2014-2017)

Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Catalyst Grant (2015-2016)


Trainees

Andrew Huntley (post-doctoral fellow)

Azadeh Barzideh (PhD student)

Gabriela Rozanski (former post-doctoral fellow)

Chris McCrum (former visiting scholar)

Alison Schinkel-Ivy (former post-doctoral fellow)

I am currently not recruiting new trainees to work on this project


Papers

Mansfield A, Aqui A, Danells CJ, Knorr S, Centen A, DePaul VG, Schinkel-Ivy A, Brooks D, Inness EL, Mochizuki G. Does perturbation-based balance training prevent falls among individuals with chronic stroke? A randomized controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2018;8:e021510 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021510

Mansfield A, Schinkel-Ivy A, Danells CJ, Aqui A, Aryan R, Biasin L, DePaul VG, Inness EL. Does perturbation training prevent falls after discharge from stroke rehabilitation? A prospective cohort study with historical control. J Stroke  Cerebrovasc Dis. 2017;26(10):293-304. doi:10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2017.04.041

Gerards M, McCrum C, Mansfield A, Meijer K. Perturbation-based balance training for falls reduction among older adults: current evidence and implications for clinical practice. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2017;17(12):2294-2303. doi:10.1111/ggi.13082

Mansfield A, Wong JS, Bryce J, Knorr S, Patterson KK. Does perturbation-based balance training prevent falls? A review and meta-analysis of preliminary randomized controlled trials. Phys Ther. 2015;95(5):700-709. doi:10.2522/ptj.20140090

Mansfield A, Aqui A, Centen A, Danells CJ, DePaul VG, Knorr S, Schinkel-Ivy A, Brooks D, Inness EL, McIlroy WE, Mochizuki G. Perturbation training to promote safe independent mobility post-stroke: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Neurol. 2015;15:87. doi:10.1186/s12883-015-0347-8

Mansfield A, Inness EL, Komar J, Brunton K, Biasin L, Lakhani B, McIlroy WE. Training rapid stepping responses in an individual with stroke: a case report. Phys Ther. 2011;91(6):958-969. doi:10.2522/ptj.20100212

Mansfield A, Peters AL, Liu BA, Maki BE. Effect of a perturbation-based balance training program on compensatory stepping and grasping reactions in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther. 2010;90(4):476-491. doi:10.2522/ptj.20090070

Mansfield A, Peters AL, Liu BA, Maki BE. A perturbation-based balance training program for older adults: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatr. 2007;7:12. doi:10.1186/1471-2318-7-12